VSA, Analýza spreadu a objemu ( Forex stratégia )

10.10.2011 10:31

VSA ( Volume spread anlysis) vytvorený Tomom Williamsom  je pravdepodobne najúčinnejší a najziskovejší systém z akým sme sa doteraz stretli ( 4 mesiace takmer 12 000 pipov).

Nieje to jednoduchá stratégia ale prístup, ktorý Vám umožní čítať trh z vysokou mierou kompetencie a aplikovať to na svoje obchodovanie  -umožní vám identifikovať prúdenie peňazí profesionálov, ktoré hýbu trhom a teda obchodovať v konsenze ziskovej menšiny.  Nasledujúce riadky Vám otvoria oči.

by PETE 

VSA je skôr mimoriadne účinným systémom ako jednoduchou stratégiou preto túto metódu môžu rôzny ľudia rozlične pochopiť. Preto sa na tomto mieste chcem podeliť o svoju metódu, ktorá je mierne zjednodušená a ľahšie sa dá aplikovať na forexe.

VSA obchodník sa pri obchodovaní zaujíma len o 3 veci: Volume, Spread a Close ( uzatvorenie sviečky). Absolútne za nezaujíma o COT, dáta ani každodenné metúce správy ( Nemecko schválilo euroval euro porastie – euro kleslo, Taliansko bankrotuje euro klesne – euro rástlo). Jediný indikátor je graf – graf nikdy neklame.

-Graf obsahuje skutočnú aktivitu obchodníkov a objem obchodu vo forme volumes (na forexe ho čítame z volume futures ale dobre poslúži aj odhadované - tickové volume). 

-Spread sa berie do úvahy v kontexte toho či je aktivita na trhu panická alebo stabilná a pokojná.

-Close sviečky ukazuje výsledok súboja medzi býkmi a medveďmi.pri danej sviečke či už uzavrie ako špendlík , preč od minima alebo maxima, alebo na maxime/minime

Zákaldné termíny a koncepty.

Akumulácia začína spolu s stopping ( ultra vysoké) volume pri pohybe smerom nadol, potom sa bude cena pohybovať v pásme. Profesionálne peniaze nakupujú – akumulujú kapitál. Ale neurobia to jednoducho tak že začnú masívne nakupovať – to by zdvihlo cenu proti nim, preto akumulácia musí prebiehať postupne po dlhšiu dobu, vtedy keď na trh prichádza viac predaja ( obvykle sú v pozadí zlé správy v médiach) a teda môžu kupovať na nižšej cene. Zaznamenáme Vyššie volume na nízkych cenách . Keď sa začne popísaný proces môžeme to tiež označiť aj ako silu v pozadí zdanlivo slabého trhu.

Distribúcia začína so stopping/ climax ultra vysoké volume pri pohybe smerom nahor a potom do pásma v ktorom cena zotrvá, profesionálne peniaze predávajú. ( opak akumulácie). Pri tom ako cena stúpa bude dosiahnutý bod kedy obchodníci ktorý zmeškali začiatok pohybu alebo predali príliš skoro budú mať tendenciu znova nakúpiť v neskorej fáze tohto pohybu. To dáva profesionálom príležitosť na predaj bez toho aby sa to prejavilo na cene, ale volume bude veľmi vysoké pri vysokých cenách – čo signalizuje slabosť v pozadí trhu. Pre profesionálne obchodovanie na FOREXE, odporúčame špičkového STP/ECN brokera FXCC, s bonusom na depozit až 100 %.

Test ( nízke volume)

Testovanie je veľmi častým signálom. Nakupujte ak už máme jednoznačné signály sily v pozadí (stopping volume, akumulácia) a naopak. Cena prerazí rezistenciu ( oblasť ponuky, supply area) a vráti sa k tejto úrovni aby ju za nízkeho volume otestovala. Nasledovať by mal okamžitý pohyb ceny smerom nahor. Toto je najtypickejší scenár pre vstup – nákup.

Ak obchodovať, tak profesionálne a so špičkovým STP/ECN brokerom FXCC.  Ak nedokážete sami obchodovať zo ziskom, odoberajte obchody najziskovejších obchodníkov, bezplatne a automaticky cez investičnú siet eToro (a získajte akcie spoločnosti na uvítanie ako darček).

Test vysoké volume

Dopyt je stále prítomný a prebehne testovanie rezistencie (nízkej ceny) za vysokého volume. Zo silou v pozadí je tento proces podobný stopping volume, a ukazujem aktivitu profesionálov pri nakupovaní na nižšej cene v očakávaní jej nárastu.

Žiaden dopyt (ND), žiadna ponuka (NS)

Sviečka žiadnej ponuky ako už názov naznačuje znamená že kvôli nedostatku dopytu sa cena musí pohnúť smerom nadol -  keďže ponuka prevyšuje dopyt. ND sviečku môžeme registrovať potom  keď už zaznamenáme slabosť v podobe stopping volume.  ND je sviečka z plochým spreadom pri pohybe smerom nahor a volume nižším ako predchádzajúce 2 sviečky – a naopak pre sviečku NS.

Snaha stúpať / pretlačiť sa cez rezistenciu (zóna ponuky)

Cena prejde cez rezistenciu bez zvýšenia volume. To naznačuje že predajcovia už o cenu nemajú záujem a cena bude stúpať až pokiaľ nenarazí na viac ponuky ( ďalšia rezistencia)  

Zlyhanie snahy stúpať / pretlačiť sa cez rezistenciu (zóna ponuky)

Široký spread smerom nahor za vysokého volume zatiaľ čo sa ďalšia sviečka otočí smerom nadol (medvedia) – toto je závažným signálom slabosti inštrumentu. Ak ďalšia sviečka/sviečky smerujú nadol to len ďalej potvrdzuje že predaj prekonal dopyt.

Výpad smerom nahor

Výpady sú takzvané money making manévre, manipulácie ceny syndikátmi, ktorých účelom je zachytiť SL ( stop lossy) nad trhom a sú obvykle silným signálom slabosti. Ak už prebehla distribúcia stáva sa to silným signálom slabosti trhu a ak je volume vysoké ďalej to umocňuje signál. Ostrý pohyb smerom nadol je len ďalším potvrdením.

Prečo existuje niečo ako výpad smerom nahor ? V každom trhu budete mať Stopy nad trhom pretože obchodníci si myslia kolektívne to isté všetky ich stopy budú približne na rovnakej úrovni tesne nad trhom. Tvorcovia trhu zariadia aby sa cena pohla tak aby ich spustila pred pohybom smerom nahor, a ich náklady sú nízke. To isté sa analogicky deje na dne trhu ( pružinka).

Nákupný / predajný klimax

Pri nákupnom klimaxe zaznamenáme rýchli nárast ceny za vysokého objemu a nasleduje sviečka sviečky ktoré nevytvoria nové maximum. Neinformovaný obchodníci budú pokračovať v nakupovaní . To dáva profesionálom možnosť predať ich nakupovaniu za pre nich veľmi výhodnú cenu bez toho aby výrazne klesla. Toto zastavuje uptrend – býčí trh.

Otrasenie

Pred očakávaným pohybom smerom nahor. Široký spread nadol a sviečka uzavrie blízko svojho maxima alebo kde otvorila. Toto je opäť money making manéver  zacielené na SL pod trhom. Obchodníci ktorý rozmýšľali nad vstupom do uptrendu majú teraz strach. To ukazuje že na trh prichádzaj profesionálne peniaze a kupujú / absorbujú slabých držiteľov.

Analogicky to platí aj na opačnej strane trhu.

Ak obchodovať, tak profesionálne a so špičkovým STP/ECN brokerom FXCC.  Ak nedokážete sami obchodovať zo ziskom, odoberajte obchody najziskovejších obchodníkov, bezplatne a automaticky cez investičnú siet eToro (a získajte akcie spoločnosti na uvítanie ako darček).

Marian

Diskusná téma: VSA, Analýza spreadu a objemu ( Forex stratégia )

Букинг.ком закрыл продажи в Крыму

Kristinait 15.11.2018
Я зашла на Букинг, и действительно: если выбрать цель проживания для отдыха, то бронирование не возможно ((( Что делать, если Букинг не дает бронировать жилье в Крыму? Воспользоваться альтернативным сервисом вот и все ))) ссылка в описании.

Мобильный шиномонтаж

Davidprorp 13.11.2018
Выездной мобильный шиномонтаж в Москве и МО круглосуточно!
Мегафон: +7(495)908-97-71
Мтс: +7(915)448-25-25
Хранение шин.
1. Шиномонтажные работы.
2. Снятие секреток.
3. Переобувка шин.
4. Ремонт проколов и порезов.
Выездной шиномонтаж 24 часа в Москве и МО.
Звоните!

Переобувка шин

Davidprorp 12.11.2018
Выездной мобильный шиномонтаж в Москве и МО круглосуточно!
Мегафон: +7(495)908-97-71
Мтс: +7(915)448-25-25
Хранение шин.
1. Шиномонтажные работы.
2. Снятие секреток.
3. Переобувка шин.
4. Ремонт проколов и порезов.
Выездной шиномонтаж 24 часа в Москве и МО.
Звоните!

дам совет, нормальные курсы парикмахера в Дивия, рядом с Голутвином

Ralphtox 09.11.2018
В городе Коломна, парикмахерская Дивия
я слышала там отлично обучают с нуля, знакомая из соседнего дома Татьяна, училась на парикмахера и обучение в diviastyle за неделю работы окупила

Лечение гепатита с

Diwainpag 09.11.2018
Эффективные препараты для лечения гепатитов


Rolands petersons cpm trading

markvat 08.11.2018
Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
Rolands petersons cpm trading has released new forecasts on Poland becoming the logistics centre of Europe. Newest OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) data are indicating the increase of living standards in Poland, positive tendencies in economy and rapid development of the labour market.
Rolands petersons cpm trading
Experts at OECD has appreciated a change in the Polish labour market - a fall of the unemployment level to the lowest ever, reaching the lowest point in the last twenty years; labour demand is growing; and everything indicates a significant growth of average wages in the near future. Unemployment levels in Poland in 2017 were low - 4,9% and all the forecast are indicating the continuous fall reaching 4,2% in 2018 and 3,8% in 2019.
Rolands petersons cpm trading GDP will go on increasing, but a little bit more slowly. Forecasts for 2018 are 4,2%, but in 2019 - 3,7%. It should be mentioned that in 2017 GDP was 4,6%<>].
Rolands petersons cpm trading
Poland should think more about the agricultural production export area. Today agriculture constitutes 5% of GDP, but the biggest part of agricultural production in Poland is producing for own needs<>]. Export products for the most part are milk products, meat and potatoes.
Rolands petersons cpm trading By developing its infrastructure, Poland would be able to succeed exports.
Rolands petersons cpm trading The Baltic Sea provides the opportunity to develop cargo carriage faster than it is done now, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
Rolands petersons cpm trading who offers his thoughts on Poland economy.
To keep this positive tendency, Poland has to find opportunities to invest in proficiency enhancement, development of infrastructure and innovations. There should be a strategy allowing continuation and even growth of infrastructural investments.
Rolands petersons cpm trading
Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

Rolands petersons cpm trading

vasiyvat 08.11.2018
The transport development has caused objective problems for traffic in cities around the world, including Latvia, and the reason for this is a rapid increase in the number of vehicles.Rolands petersons cpm trading Road congestion is the most urgent problem in a trip planning because it affects the total time of transportation and, therefore, costs that have a particular relevance to the logistics industry.Rolands petersons cpm trading The quality of the roads, a painful subject in the past, has a significant impact on transportation time. Without high-quality roads, it is impossible to improve the efficiency of transport, which, in the context of economic globalization, is said to be one of the main directions for the logistics development.Rolands petersons cpm trading

Promises against statistics

At the end of 2017, according to the report "Global Competitiveness Index", which was annually compiled by experts from the World Economic Forum, Latvia was not ranked among the top 100 countries of the world's rating.Rolands petersons cpm trading (out of 137 countries participating in the ranking, Latvia took 107th place, and Lithuania and Estonia took the 37th and 38th places) Despite this, VAS (State Roads of Latvia) announced that, despite the increase in traffic on Latvian roads, their quality has been improved in recent years.Rolands petersons cpm trading

EU assessment - Stable 3 points.

In 2017, 65.1 million euros were spent on the development of the national roads, including 32.3 million for the summer period works, and 32.8 million for the winter period works.Rolands petersons cpm trading In the same year, it was also planned to spend 37 million more, compared with the previous year.Rolands petersons cpm trading However, even these investments have not resulted in the average level of road quality in the European Union. According to the latest report, the average level in the EU is estimated at 4.76 points, Latvia, compared to that has been given 3.05 points.

The state of the roads not only hinders the development of the logistics industry but also contributes to the disproportionate level and the pace of social and economic development of the regions.Rolands petersons cpm trading The most remote regions of Latvia can develop tourism facilities, offer industrial premises for entrepreneurs, etc. however, if there is no road system to get to these cites, no results shall be expected.Rolands petersons cpm trading

Financing is eight times less than it needs to be.

"Requests for the organization of roads," "Road quality is catastrophic" - these headlines often appear in the mass media, while road maps try to reduce the existing damage by implementation of available sources, however, there is no sign of a significant improvement, when the funding is eight times less than it is necessary. At the same time, we make the mistake of struggling only with the consequences of the disease, when we need to identify the root of the problem and take the preventive measures.

One of the main problems that can be figured out now is the climate of the country, which in Latvia will not change significantly in the future, therefore, the problem will remain constant.Rolands petersons cpm trading The number of vehicles will also increase, so the question is: how to increase financing, which is the most important addition to the urgent issues. 130 million euros are required annually for maintenance and repair works of local and gravel roads but this amount cannot be provided only by EU funds. It is also completely unclear how the situation will look like in 2020, after the end of EU funding program.Rolands petersons cpm trading

Without the excise tax on fuel, there is no chance for survival

The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions - change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons cpm trading The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed.Rolands petersons cpm trading Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.

In addition to financing, other necessary support measures need to be introduced: dumping water from roads in certain areas, timely planning, more restrictive control on roads, etc.
Rolands petersons cpm trading

Simone Biles Gewinnen Sie bei den Weltmeisterschaften vier Allround-Titel

Davidtew 08.11.2018
Biles hatte seit den Olympischen Spielen 2016 nicht mehr international teilgenommen, während sie im Januar enthüllte, dass ebendiese von einem ehemaligen Sportdoktor der Mannschaft USA sexuell missbraucht worden war.

Darüber hinaus wurde der 21-jährige Amerikaner am Vorabend der Welten mit einem Nierenstein ins Krankenhaus eingeliefert.

"Dies ist definitiv der gruseligste von denen aus welcher Vergangenheit", sagte sie.

Zuallererst hatte Biles mit Svetlana Khorkina aus Russland zahlreichen Rekord von drei Allround-Golds geteilt.

"In diesem Jahr gab es definitiv Höhen und Tiefen, zur Therapie und zu anderen Dingen. Nur im Fitnessstudio abgeschlossen sein, war ein ein schuss rau, aber man probiert, sich auf eine Angelegenheit zu konzentrieren, um durchzukommen", sagte sie.

"Ich hoffe, dies gibt anderen Frauen die Gewissheit, dass Jene es immer noch gut kompetenz, ohne dafür bestraft abgeschlossen werden und Eltern die Turnerinnen in den Sportart zu versetzen und sich wohl zu fühlen. "

Die 19-jährige Britin Ellie Downie wurde nach beide Eingriffen am linken Knöchel nach ihrer Rückkehr ins Rennen elf.

Am Samstag nimmt Downie am Finale der Stufenbarren teil, während der zweifache Olympiasieger Max Whitlock den dritten Weltmeistertitel in Folge auf deinem Pauschenpferd gewinnen will.

Biles holt trotz Fehlern vielen 12. Weltgold
Biles hatte Fehler im Tresorraum, Hauptgesims und Boden, aber ihre Gesamtzahl von 57, 491 reichte aus, um zahlreichen Mai Murakami aus Nippon in Silber und welchen Morgan Hurd aus welchen USA auf Rang drei zu schlagen.

Ein Rückwärtsrollen bei der Landung herauf einem Sprung und ein Abfallen vom Balken ließen sie fast drei prall gefüllte Punkte hinter ihren Qualifikationsergebnissen zurückfallen.

Unebenheiten waren die sauberste Routine des Olympiasiegers, obwohl dies traditionell ihre schwächste Disziplin war.

Als sie zuletzt auf dem Erdboden stand, brauchte sie diese eine, Punktezahl von 13. 307, um Murakami zu erobern, um Gold zu profitieren, und selbst mit einem Schritt außerhalb der Grenzen erzielte Biles 15. bezirk, um den Titel via 1. 693 Mark abgeschlossen besiegeln.

"Ich wünschte, man hätte eine bessere Verdienste zeigen können, weil ich nicht der Turner bin", fügte Biles hinzu, jener bei den Olympischen Spiel 2016 vier Goldmedaillen gewann.

"Aber wir machen allesamt Fehler und fallen - es ist nur, denn Sie aufstehen und sich selbst beweisen. "

Biles verhalf den USA von anfang an der Woche zu einem nachdrücklichen Gold der Frauen ferner ihr letzter Sieg brachte ihr den zwölften Weltmeistertitel ein.

Sie hat 15 Weltmeisterschaftsmedaillen erhalten, fünf hinter Rekordhalterin Khorkina.

Rolands petersons cpm trading

macsimvat 08.11.2018
Transport and logistics industries are of particular importance for the Latvian economy since they have a steady GDP growth and provide services to virtually all other sectors of the national economy.Rolands petersons cpm trading Every year it is emphasized that this sector should be recognized as a priority and extend its promotion, however, the representatives of the transport and logistics sector are looking forward to more concrete and long-term solutions.Rolands petersons cpm trading

9.1% of the value added to the GDP of Latvia

Despite the political and economic changes of the last decade, the influence of the transport and logistics industry on the economy of our country remains high: in 2016 the sector increased the value added to the GDP by 9.1%. Moreover, the average monthly gross wage is still higher then in other sectors - in 2016 in other sectors of the economy it was 859 euros, whereas in storage and transportation sector the average gross wage is about 870 euros (1,562 euros - water transport, 2,061 euros - air transport, 1059 euros in the of storage and auxiliary transport activities, etc.).

Special economic area as an additional support

The positive examples of the logistics industry are the ports that have developed a good structure.Rolands petersons cpm trading Riga and Ventspils ports function as free ports, and the Liepaja port is included in the Liepaja Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Companies operating in free ports and SEZ can receive not only the 0 tax rate for customs, excise, and value-added tax but also a discount of up to 80% of the company's income and up to 100% of the real estate tax.Rolands petersons cpm trading The port is actively implementing various investment projects related to the construction and development of industrial and distribution parks. The attraction of investments promotes the creation of higher added value, development of production, expansion of a spectrum of given services and creation of new workplaces. It is necessary to bring to the attention the small ports - SKULTE, Mersrags, SALACGRiVA, Pavilosta, Roja, Jurmala, and Engure, which currently occupy a stable position in the Latvian economy and have already become regional economic activity centers.

Port of Liepaja, will be the next Rotterdam.

There is also a wide range of opportunities for growth, and a number of actions that can be taken to meet projected targets.Rolands petersons cpm trading There is a strong need for the services with high added value, the increase of the processed volumes of cargo by attracting new freight flows, high-quality passenger service and an introduction of modern technologies and information systems in the area of transit and logistics. Liepaja port has all the chances to become the second Rotterdam in the foreseeable future.Rolands petersons cpm trading

Latvia as a distribution center for cargos from Asia and the Far East.

One of the most important issues for further growth of the port and special economic zone is the development of logistics and distribution centers, mainly focusing on the attraction of goods from Asia and the Far East.Rolands petersons cpm trading Latvia can serve as a distribution center for cargos in the Baltic and Scandinavian countries for Asia and the Far East (f.e. China, Korea). The tax regime of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone in accordance with the Law "On Taxation in Free Ports and Special Economic Zones" on December 31, 2035.Rolands petersons cpm trading This allows traders to conclude an agreement on investment and tax concession until December 31, 2035, until they reach a contractual level of assistance from the investments made. Considering the range of benefits provided by this status, it is necessary to consider the possible extension of the term.

Infrastructure development and expansion of warehouse space

Our advantage lies in the fact that there is not only a strategic geographical position but also a developed infrastructure that includes deep-water berths, cargo terminals, pipelines and territories free from the cargo terminal. Apart from this, we can add a good structure of pre-industrial zone, distribution park, multi-purpose technical equipment, as well as the high level of security not only in terms of delivery but also in terms of the storage and handling of goods. In the future, it would be advisable to pay more attention to access roads (railways and highways), increase the volume of storage facilities, and increase the number of services provided by ports. Participation in international industry exhibitions and conferences will make it possible to attract additional foreign investments and will contribute to the improvement of international image.Rolands petersons cpm trading

Rolands petersons cpm trading

Alexevat 08.11.2018
Rolands Petersons, member of the board of CPM Trading SIA,
Railway transport is one of the most promising modes of inland transport, and, at the moment, it is said to be the crucial element in the economy of Latvia.Rolands petersons cpm trading Considering the entire volume of inland transport, the share of railway freight is about 52%, whereas the volume of the passenger transportation is 6% and in Riga suburban area the number is increasing up to 30%. However, the data summarized by the Ministry of Communications still shows that in Latvia the volume of freight rail transportation by comparison with 2016 has decreased by 8.4% and amounted to 43.792 million tons.

Traffic congestion can lead to a loss of 200 billion euros
The mobility of goods is an essential component of the EU internal market; this greatly contributes to the competitiveness of the industry and services in Europe.Rolands petersons cpm trading The types of lengthy transportation as railway can reduce their costs, which arise in connection with the traffic congestion on the roads. The increase of approximately 50% is projected by the year 2050, reaching a volume of almost 200 billion euros per year.Rolands petersons cpm trading

In the future, it is possible to increase the volume of rail transportation.
The amount of international rail transportation in 2017 was 42.138 million tons, which showed a decline of 9.1% compared to 2016. However, domestic traffic has increased by 11.5% to 1.653 million tonnes.Rolands petersons cpm trading The volume of transit cargo from the total amount of international rail freight transport amounted to 38.719 million tons, which showed a drop of 6.5% compared to the previous year, the volume of imported goods was 3.067 million tons, or 22.4% less, and the volume of export cargo was 351 800 tons, which was a drop of 2.8 times.Rolands petersons cpm trading In 2016, in Latvia, by rail, 47.821 million tons were transported. Taking into consideration the decline in the international transport sector in 2017, the question is, by which means can we achieve the volume increase? By implementation of the well-considered long-term solutions, it is possible to get back to the level that used to be before the embargo against Russia was introduced in 2013.Rolands petersons cpm trading

Increase of the average commercial speed of freight trains.
One of the key priorities nowadays is the development of the railway infrastructure, and in this case, it is expected, the railway infrastructure can be financed by the European Union.Rolands petersons cpm trading It is essential to find a solution how to increase the average commercial speed of freight trains since the speed is only about 18 km/h on the majority international routes in Europe. One of the solutions can be the improvement of cooperation between existing infrastructure organizations in Europe.Rolands petersons cpm trading The actual train system needs to be adapted to the needs of the railway freight transport sector, especially in the EU freight rail corridors. This would contribute to the competitiveness of rail transport with other modes of transport, especially with the road transport sector, which infrastructure is easily accessible in all Member States.

Well-thought-out charge for the use of infrastructure.
Freight trains pay for each kilometer of the railway infrastructure, which again adversely affects the competitiveness of the railway in comparison with road transport, where such charge is not always introduced. Setting the price that users are required to pay for getting into the infrastructure, it would be necessary to take into account the impact on the environment and pollution, congestion, accidents and other aspects.Rolands petersons cpm trading
The state should provide a proper support for organizations managing infrastructure, and rail transport enterprises should strive to improve the competitiveness of rail freight services, especially in regards to reliability, filling, elasticity, customer orientation, and the duration and cost of transportation, as these are the main aspects which are considered by an average consignor in selecting any of the available modes of transport.Rolands petersons cpm trading

Elimination imperfections in the liberalization of the freight transport process
In cooperation with both, the public and private sectors, at the international level, imperfections related to the liberalization of freight rail transport, communication lines procedures, administrative and technical restrictions, monitoring and anticipating performance in the rail freight industry, and fair competition between different modes of transportation. Therefore, it is necessary to find out the ways to make a better use of available EU funding and target it to the rail transport industry in order to achieve improvements in such areas as a coherent approach to policy objectives and funding (while focusing on corridors for freight railways transportation), for the selection, planning and management of projects, as well as for the maintenance of railroad networks.Rolands petersons cpm trading

Not only update, but also regularly support
It is essential to take to the new level not only the quality of the services provided to carriers and shippers of rail freight but, in general, to improve the competitiveness of rail freight transport; infrastructure managing organizations should not only update and modernize the railway network but also to regularly support it.Rolands petersons cpm trading This is especially important for the corridors of rail freight. If the tracks are not properly maintained, the speed limits will have to be applied and the railway lines will gradually be obstructed.Rolands petersons cpm trading
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 >>

Pridať nový príspevok